Common mental health problems include:
- Anxiety – about 1 in 10 people in the UK
- Depression – about 1 in 10 people in the UK
- Mixed anxiety and depression – about 1 in 10 people in the UK
- Post-natal depression – between 8 and 15 per cent of women.
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – 3% of people
- Phobias and panic attacks –between 1 and 3 per cent of people
The greatest barrier to accessing services is fear of stigma and discrimination.
Three quarters of adults with mental health problems are not receiving treatment.
526,000 workers suffering from work-related stress, depression or anxiety (new or long-standing) in 2016/17
Stress, depression or anxiety accounted for the majority of days lost due to work-related ill-health, 15.4 million. On average, each person suffering took around 16.5days off work.
The main workplace factors causing work related stress anxiety or depressions are: workload pressures, including tight deadlines and too much responsibility and lack of managerial support.
Suicide rates in Liverpool have doubled since 2008
Severe mental health problems are:
- Psychosis – one in 200 people in the UK
- Bipolar disorder – between one and two per cent of people
- Schizophrenia – between one and 2.4 per cent of people
Other types of mental health problems are:
- Eating disorders
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
- Alcohol and substance dependency – three per cent of adults
- The greatest barrier to accessing services is fear of stigma and discrimination.
- Three quarters of adults with mental health problems are not receiving treatment.
Young people and mental health
As well as physical changes to the body and hormones from about age 11, they also experience significant behavioural and emotional changes. There are alterations to the functioning and make up of brain tissue, which is known as brain maturation. This continues until about the age of 30.
Common mental health problems experienced by young people include:
- Self-harm – 8.9% of 16-24 year olds – not a mental health condition itself, but it can be a sign of a mental health problem
- Post-traumatic stress disorder – 4.7% of 16-24 year olds
- Generalised anxiety disorder – 3.6% o 16-24 year olds
- Safeguarding Theme of the Month: November – Mental Health in Young People
- Depression – 2.2% of 16-24 year olds
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) – 1.4% of 16-24year olds
- Eating disorders – 0.5% of 16-24 year olds
Suicide and self-harm
Suicide and self-harm are not mental health problems themselves, but they are linked with mental distress. Self-harm is not necessarily linked with suicide, but can increase the risk of suicide. In contrast to statistics on the prevalence of mental health problems, suicide statistics are collected systematically across the UK through coroners’ reports. We therefore have a much clearer picture of the number of people who die by suicide than of those affected by mental health problems.
According to the Office for National Statistics (ONS), in 2016, a total of 6,122 suicides were recorded in the UK for people aged 10 and older (10.8 deaths per 100,000 population). This equates to approximately one death every two hours – a 2% decrease from 2015. Of these, 75.6% were male and 24.4% were female.
Discriminatory language and mental health
Language related to mental health and mental health problems can lead to reinforcing stereotypes and myths about people with mental health problems. It may result in individuals and groups feeling isolated. People with mental health problems can be disadvantaged through the attitudes expressed by people through the language they use. The anti-stigma campaign Time to Change identifies some common phrases that can cause offence and are inaccurate in their description of mental health problems and it suggests possible alternatives for them.
Helplines and support networks
For those in distress or who need to talk someone, the NHS Choices website lists the following helplines and support networks:
Samaritans operates a 24-hour service on available every day of the year by calling 116 123, and an email service is available at email@example.com.
Childline , on 0800 1111, runs a helpline for children and young people in the UK. Calls are free and the number do not show up in the phone bill.
PAPYRUS , 0800 068 4141, is a voluntary organisation supporting teenagers and young adults who are feeling suicidal.
Depression Alliance is a charity for people with depression. It does not have a helpline, but offers resources and links to other relevant information.
Students Against Depression is a website for students who are depressed, have a low mood or are having suicidal thoughts.
Bullying UK is a website for both children and adults affected by bullying.